Protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and trace elements are essential nutrients in a balanced dog diet. They provide it with the necessary energy and help maintain vital functions.
The dog is the direct descendant of the wolf and belongs to the carnivorous predators. Their powerful teeth, developed chewing muscles, short digestive tract, and aggressive digestive juices are perfectly suited to eating meat.
Meat contains high quality protein, which provides energy for your dog. The amino acids found in proteins are essential for its health. For this reason, your dog's diet should consist of at least 70% fresh meat or 28-35% dehydrated meat.
To vary, you can give your dog fish because it then contains the highest amount of unsaturated fatty acids, easily digestible protein and vitamin D.
Of particular importance are unsaturated fatty acids in fish: they help improve the immune system.
Most of all, dogs need Omega 3, which is found in animal fat. Omega 6 fatty acids from vegetable oils are sufficiently present in meat.
To avoid overweight, make sure that the fat content is significantly lower than that of protein.
Carbohydrates are found in rice, potatoes, oilseeds and grains. They are therefore not essential nutrients for the dog, which is carnivorous, but necessary for the manufacture of kibble due to their starch content.
Vitamins and trace elements
Vitamins and trace elements naturally present in vegetables, fruits and herbs should not be missing from your dog's diet. Nutrients are interrelated, which means that in order to be able to absorb one nutrient your dog often needs to absorb another.